Nutrition is basically about eating a healthy and balanced diet such as healthy Food and drink that provide the energy and nutrients for you to be healthy. If you have a proper understanding of these nutritions, then it may become easier for you to make better food choices. When talking about the types of nutrition then we will have more than 40 different types of nutrients which are broadly classified into 7 major groups. These 7 major groups of nutrition provide a healthy diet throughout life, promotes healthy pregnancy outcomes, supports normal growth, development and ageing, helps to maintain a healthy body weight, and reduces the risk of chronic disease leading to overall healthy well-being.
The main functions and benefits that these nutritions offer can be explained as follows:
Our body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose which is considered as a major source of energy for our body's cells, tissues, and organs.The main sources of obtaining carbohydrates are grains, such as rice and noodle, fruit, root vegetables, dry beans and dairy products.
Proteins are large, complex molecules that play many critical roles in the body and are necessary for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs.Meat, fish, seafood, eggs, various health drinks, dairy products, dry beans and bean products are good sources of protein. Its major functions include building, repairing and maintaining healthy body tissues.
Fats are considered as a source of energy and are usually found in several forms, including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated.Fats can be found in various food items such as meat, fish, seafood, dairy products, nuts, seeds and oils. The main area of work of fats in our body is to make up part of our body cells and transporting fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A, D, E and K.
There are 13 essential vitamins — vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and the B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, B6, B12, and folate) which help keep the body working properly by maintaining healthy skin and hair, building bones and releasing and utilising energy from foods. Vitamins can be classified into water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins.
Minerals are a group of essential nutrients which are required to regulate many body functions such as fluid balance, muscle contraction and transmission of nerve impulses.
Dietary fibre - soluble and insoluble - is the indigestible part found in plants which helps stabilise blood sugar, promote gastrointestinal health and prevent constipation.
We know that almost 60% of the human adult body is water and is the most abundant substance in the human body which is also an essential nutrient to maintain our health.
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